Companion Planting

16 Broccoli Companion Plants For Your Organic Garden

Source : thefreerangelife

When it comes to growing a successful organic garden, understanding the concept of companion planting is essential.

Companion plants are those that help each other thrive by providing support, repelling pests, and improving soil health. One vegetable that greatly benefits from companion planting is broccoli. As a member of the cabbage family, broccoli can benefit from certain plants that act as natural allies, helping to deter pests and enhance its growth.

In this article, we will explore some of the best companion plants for broccoli, ensuring a bountiful and healthy harvest in your organic garden.

1. Celery

Source : anniesheirloomseeds

Celery is a versatile and nutritious plant that makes an excellent companion for broccoli in the garden. It is a biennial plant with long, fibrous stalks and vibrant green leaves. The advantages of growing celery alongside broccoli are numerous. Celery acts as a natural pest repellent, deterring pests like aphids and cabbage worms that often target broccoli.

Additionally, celery's tall, upright growth provides shade for the broccoli, preventing it from bolting during hot summer months. Together, they create a harmonious garden ecosystem. One delicious dish that combines the flavors of celery and broccoli is a stir-fry with tofu, garlic, and soy sauce, creating a healthy and flavorful meal.

2. Potatoes

Source : hunker

Potatoes help provide shade for the broccoli, which is beneficial in hot climates as it prevents the broccoli from bolting making it an excellent companion plant for broccoli. Additionally, potatoes prefer slightly acidic soil, while broccoli thrives in more alkaline soil, making them compatible in terms of soil preference.

Moreover, potatoes have high nutrient requirements, which aids in depleting the soil of excess nutrients, thus preventing nutrient imbalances that can hinder broccoli's growth. Overall, planting potatoes alongside broccoli enhances the overall health and productivity of both plants.

3. Basil

Source : urbanfarmandkitchen

Broccoli and Basil make excellent companion plants due to their mutual benefits and compatibility. Broccoli is a heavy feeder, depleting the soil of nutrients, while basil is a natural pest repellent and adds essential oils to the soil. Basil also attracts beneficial insects that aid in pollination, which is beneficial for broccoli.

Furthermore, basil's strong scent helps deter pests that may damage broccoli plants. In return, broccoli provides shade to the basil, protecting it from harsh sun and allowing it to thrive. Together, these plants create a harmonious garden environment, promoting healthy growth and natural pest control.

4. Chives

Source : greenwoodnursery

Chives, scientifically known as Allium schoenoprasum, are a popular herb and a great companion plant for broccoli in the garden. They are perennial plants that grow in clumps and produce slender, hollow leaves that resemble grass. Growing chives alongside broccoli offers several advantages.

Chives act as a natural repellent for pests that commonly affect broccoli, such as aphids and cabbage worms. Additionally, chives attract beneficial insects like ladybugs and bees, which aid in pollination. When harvested together, chives and broccoli can be used in a delicious stir-fry dish, adding a fresh and onion-like flavor to complement the broccoli's earthy taste.

5. Oregano

Source : michlers

Oregano helps deter pests that commonly attack broccoli, such as cabbage worms and aphids, thus acting as a natural pest repellent and serving as an excellent companion plant for broccoli. Additionally, oregano attracts beneficial insects like bees and butterflies, which aid in pollination.

Climate-wise, both plants prefer similar conditions, thriving in full sun and moderate temperatures. They also share a preference for well-drained soil with good organic content. Nutritionally, oregano enriches the soil with essential minerals while broccoli benefits from improved soil fertility, resulting in healthier and more productive growth.

6. Cucumbers

Source : berkeley

Cucumbers make excellent companion plants for broccoli due to their numerous advantages. Firstly, cucumbers are climbers, and their sprawling vines can provide shade for the broccoli plants, which prefer cooler temperatures. Additionally, cucumbers thrive in similar climates as broccoli, preferring warm, sunny conditions.

Both plants also have similar soil preferences, requiring well-drained, fertile soil. Moreover, cucumbers and broccoli have different nutrition requirements, meaning they do not compete for the same nutrients in the soil. This allows for optimal growth and yields for both plants when planted together, making them a harmonious and beneficial combination in the garden.

7. Rosemary

Source : treehugger

Rosemary is a fragrant and versatile herb that makes an excellent companion plant for broccoli in the garden. It is an evergreen shrub with needle-like leaves and small blue flowers. Growing rosemary alongside broccoli acts as a natural repellent for pests that commonly affect broccoli, such as aphids and cabbage worms.

Additionally, rosemary attracts beneficial insects like bees and butterflies, which aid in pollination. The strong aroma of rosemary can help mask the scent of broccoli, further deterring pests. A delicious dish that combines both vegetables is roasted broccoli with rosemary, where the herb adds a delightful flavor and aroma to the roasted broccoli.

8. Onions

Source : thespruce

Onions are a versatile and popular vegetable that can be grown alongside broccoli in the garden. They belong to the Allium family and have a distinctive round shape with papery outer layers. When planted together, onions act as a companion plant for broccoli, providing several advantages.

Onions naturally repel pests that can damage broccoli, such as aphids and cabbage worms. Additionally, onions help deter weeds and improve the flavor of broccoli. One delicious dish that combines both vegetables is stir-fried broccoli and onions. This dish combines the crispness of broccoli with the savory flavor of sautéed onions, creating a delightful and nutritious side dish.

9. Sage

Source : britannica

Sage is an excellent companion plant for broccoli due to its numerous benefits. Sage helps repel pests that commonly affect broccoli, such as cabbage moths and aphids, thus reducing the need for chemical pesticides.

Additionally, sage is a perennial herb that prefers a Mediterranean climate, making it suitable to grow alongside broccoli in areas with mild winters and warm summers. In terms of soil preference, both plants thrive in well-drained soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. Moreover, sage has relatively low nutritional requirements, allowing it to coexist with broccoli without competing for nutrients in the soil.

10. Radishes

Source : homesteadandchill

Radish is a cool-season root vegetable that serves as an excellent companion plant for broccoli in the organic garden. It is a small, fast-growing plant with a crunchy texture and a peppery taste. Radishes have a round shape and come in various colors, including red, white, and black.

When grown alongside broccoli, radishes help deter pests like aphids and cabbage worms, as their strong scent repels these insects. Additionally, radishes help improve soil aeration and nutrient availability. A delightful dish that combines both vegetables is a refreshing broccoli and radish salad, where the crispness of radishes complements the tender florets of broccoli, creating a vibrant and nutritious side dish.

11. Lettuce

Source : homesteadandchill

Lettuce and broccoli make an excellent pair in the organic garden. Planting lettuce alongside broccoli provides several advantages. Lettuce acts as a living mulch, shading the soil and conserving moisture, which benefits both plants. Additionally, the lettuce leaves help to suppress weed growth, reducing competition for nutrients and water.

Lettuce also has shallow roots, while broccoli has deeper roots, so they don't compete for resources. Furthermore, lettuce attracts beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings, which can help control pests that may attack broccoli. Overall, planting lettuce with broccoli promotes healthier growth and improved yields for both plants.

12. Beets

Source : bhg

Beets are root vegetables that can be grown alongside broccoli as companion plants in the garden. They have a distinct appearance, with round, bulbous roots that come in various colors such as deep red, golden, and striped. Growing beets with broccoli offers several advantages. Beets have shallow roots that help prevent soil erosion and provide ground cover for broccoli, which has deeper roots.

Beets also attract beneficial insects like bees, which can aid in pollinating the broccoli flowers. It also releases organic acids into the soil, discouraging pests that may harm the broccoli. One delicious dish that combines these two vegetables is a roasted beet and broccoli salad, where roasted beets and steamed broccoli florets are tossed with a light vinaigrette dressing and served as a nutritious and colorful side dish.

13. Spinach

Source : petittigardencenter

Spinach is an excellent companion plant for broccoli as they have different growth habits, with spinach forming a low, leafy canopy while broccoli grows tall and upright. This allows them to share the same space without competing for sunlight and space. Moreover, spinach thrives in cooler temperatures, making it an ideal companion for broccoli, which also prefers a moderate climate.

Additionally, both plants have similar soil preferences, requiring well-drained, fertile soil rich in organic matter. Their nutrition requirements complement each other, as spinach is rich in iron and other nutrients, while broccoli provides ample amounts of vitamin C and calcium.

14. Swiss chard

Source : gransgardenseeds

Broccoli and Swiss chard make excellent companion plants due to their complementary characteristics and the benefits they provide to each other. Both plants belong to the Brassica family, making them compatible in terms of nutrient requirements and pest resistance. Swiss chard acts as a natural shade for broccoli, protecting it from excessive sunlight and preventing the soil from drying out.

In return, broccoli provides a taller structure that shelters Swiss chard from strong winds. Furthermore, Swiss chard attracts beneficial insects that help control pests that may harm the broccoli. This symbiotic relationship enhances the growth and overall health of both plants, resulting in a successful and bountiful harvest.

15. Garlic

Source : myplantin

Garlic is an excellent companion plant for broccoli due to its numerous advantages. Garlic acts as a natural pest repellent, deterring common pests like aphids and cabbage worms, which are known to attack broccoli. Additionally, garlic emits sulfur compounds that can enhance the flavor of broccoli. Both plants thrive in similar climate conditions, preferring cool temperatures and moderate sunlight.

In terms of soil preference, broccoli and garlic require well-drained soil rich in organic matter. They have similar nutrition requirements, benefiting from a balanced fertilizer high in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Overall, planting garlic alongside broccoli promotes healthier growth and protects against pests, creating a mutually beneficial environment.

16. Mint

Source : plantura

Mint is a herbaceous perennial plant that serves as an excellent companion for broccoli in the garden. It is known for its fragrant aroma and refreshing flavor, making it a popular choice for culinary uses. Mint plants typically have square stems and opposite leaves, which can vary in color and size depending on the specific mint variety.

When grown alongside broccoli, mint acts as a natural pest repellent, deterring pests like aphids and cabbage worms. Furthermore, the strong scent of mint can help mask the odor that attracts these pests to broccoli. One delightful dish that combines these two vegetables is a refreshing broccoli and mint salad, where the crispness of the broccoli pairs perfectly with the mint's cool and invigorating taste.