Jasmine plants are not just adored for their beautiful flowers; they are known for their stress-reducing and mood-boosting properties. Adding one to your home is certain to make the indoor environment healthier.
Belonging to the Oleaceae family, the jasmine plant is believed to bring positive energy wherever it's planted. That's not all, this plant also helps people suffering from insomnia as it can induce sleep.
Jasmine Plant Overview
20-30 feet tall
5-10 ft. wide
Full Sun, Part Sun
Pink, white, yellow
Neutral, slightly acidic
Eurasia, Africa, Oceania
What Is Jasmine Plant?
The jasmine plant, a member of the Oleaceae family, is renowned for its fragrant and ornamental beauty. It can be either deciduous or evergreen, with leaves composed of 7 to 9 smaller leaflets. This plant produces small white or pale pink flowers with five petals, known for their strong scent. Some species have bright yellow flowers.
Additionally, the jasmine is mainly cultivated for its shining leaves and clusters of flowers that bloom in summer. The plant is also used in various scented products like soaps and perfumes due to its strong, pleasing scent.
Jasmine Plant Care
A delicate plant, Jasmine requires proper care to bloom healthily. You just need to provide it with the right amount of sunlight, water, and nutrients. The plant also benefits from occasional fertilization with a balanced fertilizer
If you provide jasmine with the care it needs, it will grow vigorously and produce an abundance of flowers. Here are some nurturing tips to maintain your plant's health.
Jasmine plants require a minimum of four hours of direct sunlight every day. However, they can also tolerate partial shade, making them versatile plants for different lighting conditions. When growing indoors, place the plant near a window that receives ample sunlight throughout the day.
In case of poor lighting, you can use artificial grow lights to supplement natural light. If they are outdoors, they prefer a spot with partial to full sunlight. Insufficient light can lead to leggy, weak growth, and fewer blooms.
These plants prefer consistently moist soil, but they do not tolerate waterlogged conditions. Adjust your watering schedule based on the season and weather conditions. In spring and fall, water them every two days; in summer, water once a day. During winter, reduce the frequency to once every two weeks.
Ensure to water the plant when the soil begins to look dry. Use the finger test by inserting your index finger two inches into the soil; if it feels dry, moisten the plant. water the plant from the bottom to keep the leaves dry.
Jasmine requires moderately fertile soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH, ideally between 6.0 and 7.5. Before planting, it's important to check the soil's pH to ensure suitability. Adding bark, peat moss, and grit to the potting mix will improve both drainage and fertility.
When growing in a container, choose a pot that is at least 45cm deep and 45cm wide. Provide ample space for root growth, ensuring the container has multiple drainages to prevent waterlogging.
Jasmine plants thrive in warm temperatures, ideally between 18 to 24°C. Inadequate temperatures can impede growth, resulting in stunted development and reduced blooming. Extreme cold can induce leaf drop and potentially kill the plant.
Regarding humidity, these plants choose moderate to high levels, ideally ranging from 40 to 60%. Insufficient humidity can lead to dry, brown leaf edges and bud drop. To maintain this ideal condition, you can position the plant on a pebble tray filled with water.
In general, jasmine in nutrient-rich soil may not require additional fertilization, while those in poor soil may benefit from supplemental nutrients. Consider the plant's specific requirements and feed them with a higher phosphorus content.
A 7-9-5 fertilizer, containing 7% nitrogen, 9% phosphorus, and 5% potassium, is ideal for abundant flowers and strong roots. Apply it every 4 to 6 weeks during their flowering time, and reduce fertilizing during the winter months.
Indoor jasmine needs to be trimmed once a year, after its blooming period. This timing allows the plant to recover and promote new growth before entering its active growing season.
When pruning, focus on removing dead, diseased, or damaged branches first. Then, address any crossing or crowded branches to improve air circulation and light penetration. Trimming back overly long or leggy growth can encourage bushiness and help maintain the desired shape. Here are the steps in pruning jasmine plants:
Take sharp pruning shears or loppers, depending on the thickness of the branches. Make sure they are clean and disinfected to avoid spreading disease.
Remove any dead, diseased, and damaged branches. This will help improve air circulation and prevent the spread of disease to other healthy branches.
Thin out other crowded branches, aiming to remove about 1/3 of the overall volume of the plant. This will facilitate adequate light and air to reach all parts of the plant, promoting healthy growth and flowering.
Trim other overgrown branches to control the size and shape of the plant. You can also encourage bushier growth by pinching off the tips of growing shoots.
Jasmine can tolerate hard pruning as well. So, if your plant is significantly overgrown, you can cut it back to within 60cm (2ft) of the base.
Choose strong, healthy shoots to retain and remove the rest. However, be aware that this will delay flowering for 2-3 years.
Growing Jasmine Through Stem Cutting
Jasmine vine can be easily grown through stem cutting. And the best time to take cuttings is in the early spring or summer when your plant is actively growing.
Choose healthy, non-flowering stems that are about 4-6 inches long and have at least 2-3 leaf nodes. Make sure the stem is firm and not woody.
Using a sharp knife make a clean cut just below a leaf node at a 45-degree angle. Remove the lower leaves, leaving only 1-2 pairs at the top.
Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone powder to encourage root growth.
Fill a small pot with the well-draining potting mix. Moisten the mix lightly with water.
Make a small hole in the potting mix and insert the stem cutting up to the first set of leaves. Gently firm the soil around the base of the cutting.
Cover the pot with a clear plastic bag or glass jar to prevent the cutting from drying out. Avoid placing in direct sunlight.
Mist the soil regularly to keep it moist. Be careful not to overwater.
Once roots have formed, you can gradually remove the plastic bag or jar.
When the roots are well-established, you can transplant the cutting into a larger pot with a regular potting mix.
Can We Grow Jasmine From Seed
Yes, jasmine plants can indeed be grown from seeds, although it's worth noting that they may take longer to germinate and establish compared to stem-cutting propagation methods. To begin, collect mature seeds from ripe seed pods and soak them in warm water for several hours to aid germination.
Then, plant the soaked seeds in well-draining soil, keeping them consistently moist in a warm, sunny spot. Germination will normally occur within a few weeks to months. Once the seedlings emerge and develop, transplant them into larger pots or suitable outdoor locations.
You can do this during the warmer months of spring or summer, as this timing provides optimal conditions for germination and initial growth.
Potting And Repotting
The frequency of repotting for jasmine plants is relatively low compared to other houseplants. Thus, you should consider repotting it when the roots are visible from the bottom of the container and emerging from the soil. When changing the container, choose a pot no more than one to two sizes larger than the original.
A porous pot made of clay or ceramic can be a good choice for repotting indoor jasmine, as it gives the plant a chance to refresh the soil, which can improve its overall growth. Avoid changing the container while the plant is still bearing flower buds, as they are likely to drop off.
Jasmine plants are sensitive to cold temperatures and can be killed by frost. For outdoor plants, overwintering becomes absolutely necessary. This can be achieved by mulching around the base of the plant and covering it with protective cloth or plastic sheeting during frosty nights. In extremely frigid conditions, bring it indoors if it's in a container.
Indoor jasmine plants may also benefit from some overwintering care, especially if your home gets very cold during the winter months. Keep them away from drafts and cold windows, and consider providing supplemental lighting if natural light is limited.
Jasmine plants are generally hardy and healthy. But if they are showing indications such as drooping leaves, damaged foliage, and bite marks, it likely means the plant has been invaded by various pests and diseases, including aphids, whiteflies, spider mites, and others.
Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that cluster on the undersides of leaves and feed on plant sap.
Solution: Spray the affected plants with a strong stream of water to dislodge the aphids. You can also use insecticidal soap and neem oil spray to control these insects.
Spider mites are tiny arachnids that suck plant juices, causing jasmine leaves to become speckled or yellowed.
Solution: Regularly mist the plant to increase humidity, as these pests thrive in dry conditions. You can also operate neem oil spray to control spider mites. Make sure to thoroughly cover the undersides of leaves where they often hide.
Whiteflies are small, white insects that congregate on the undersides of leaves and can cause leaf yellowing and wilting.
Solution: Use yellow sticky traps to catch adult whiteflies. Additionally, you can apply insecticidal soap or neem oil spray to control whitefly populations. Regularly pruning and removing heavily infested leaves can also help.
Caterpillars, the larval stage of butterflies, possess chewing mouthparts. They voraciously consume jasmine leaves, frequently resulting in considerable damage.
Solution: Inspect your plants regularly for caterpillars, and if you find any, pick them off by hand and dispose of them. You can also introduce natural predators of caterpillars into your garden, such as birds, predatory wasps, and beneficial insects like ladybugs.
Jasmine Plant Types
There are more than 200 varieties of jasmine plants. Each varies in fragrance intensity, flower size, leaf shape, and growth habits, offering options for different climates and landscape preferences. Here are 4 main types:
This is an evergreen shrub with intensely fragrant flowers. It is commonly used to make jasmine tea. This plant can be grown as a vine or a shrub and is well-suited for trellises and arches.
Known as royal or Catalonian jasmine, this variety has fragrant, white flowers and is one of the most cultivated types of jasmine. This vine is evergreen in frost-free areas but semi-evergreen and deciduous in cooler areas. It can be grown as a vine and is suitable for covering a trellis.
This classic jasmine is known for its sweet, white flowers that bloom in the summer. It's a climbing vine that can grow up to 10 feet tall and is hardy in zones 7-9. It is also the type of jasmine used for tea.
This is a shrub that produces vibrant yellow flowers. It is a deciduous plant that is commonly used as a cover plant on hillsides. It is well-suited for colder locations and can tolerate partial shade.
How To Get Jasmine To Bloom
Just like other flowering plants, jasmine needs some special care to bloom its best. One important thing to keep in mind is the temperature. As it prefers warmer temperatures, around 18°C to 24°C to really show off its blooms.
If your Jasmine isn't blooming, there could be a few reasons why. Maybe it's not getting enough sunlight. Make sure it gets about 4 to 6 hours of sunlight each day. Over-fertilizing can also be a problem, so be careful not to use too much. And don't forget about pruning! Proper pruning helps encourage blooming.
Challenges With Jasmine
Jasmine plants are prone to a few conditions that are quite easily recognizable. This helps in early detection of diseases and its eventual treatment.
White Powder on Leaves
The presence of white powder on its leaves could be a sign of powdery mildew, a fungal disease that can weaken the plant and affect its blooming capacity. To address this issue, improve air circulation around your plant and consider using fungicides if the infestation is severe.
Leaves Dropping Off
Another issue that Jasmine plants may experience is the sudden dropping of leaves. This issue can be caused by various factors such as overwatering, underwatering, or sudden changes in temperature conditions. To solve this, ensure that the plant is receiving the right amount of water and is situated in a stable environment with consistent conditions.
Brown Spots on Leaves
These plants may develop brown spots on their leaves due to fungal, bacterial infections, and nutrient deficiencies. It's essential to inspect the leaves for any signs of these diseases and adjust the watering schedule. Consider using appropriate fungicides to address the issue effectively.