1. New Moon
A New Moon is the first phase of the moon that occurs when the moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun, with the Sun illuminating the side of the moon that faces away from the Earth. During this phase, the moon appears completely dark and is not visible.
In this first primary moon phase, the Moonrise time in the United States varies but the moon generally rises around sunrise and sets around sunset during this phase. However, the exact timing can differ for different latitudes and longitudes nationwide.
As the moon is between the Earth and the Sun, the New Moon has an illumination of 0%. This means that none of the moon's surface is visible during this phase hence it is not visible from Earth.
Regarding its position in space, the New Moon lies between the Earth and the Sun. This phase marks the beginning of the lunar cycle, with the moon transitioning to its subsequent phases, such as Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Full Moon, and so on.